Whereas particular person traits similar to training, working time, occupational segregation, expertise, or expertise clarify a part of the gender pay hole, ILO says that a big half is because of discrimination based mostly on one’s gender or intercourse.
Additional constructing on the UN’s dedication in opposition to all types of discrimination, together with that in opposition to ladies and women, Equal Pay Day represents longstanding efforts in the direction of attaining the identical wage for work of equal worth.
Girls hardest hit
In the meantime, ladies have been among the many worst affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, together with when it comes to revenue safety, illustration in sectors hardest hit, and gendered division of household duties.
This, in flip, has led negatively impacted their employment and threatened to reverse many years of progress made in the direction of gender equality.
As international locations emerge from the pandemic, taking motion to deal with gender equality setbacks is just not solely related and well timed but in addition essential for an inclusive, sustainable, and resilient restoration.
Closing the hole
Governments, employers, and employees organizations acknowledge that closing gender pay gaps is extra vital than ever.
Over the previous few years, more and more extra governments are proposing transparency measures and knowledge sharing to deal with gender wage gaps.
In line with current analysis, relying on how they’re put into place, pay transparency measures can successfully establish compensation variations and scale back broader gender inequalities within the labour market.
“These are nonetheless early days for pay transparency,” stated Manuela Tomei, Director of the ILO Circumstances of Work and Equality Division, noting that international locations are pursuing completely different approaches to advance it.
She identified that “there isn’t a ‘one-size matches all’ answer”.
“Whereas extra time is required to evaluate the effectiveness of the completely different measures and practices, it’s encouraging that Governments, employees’ and employers’ organizations search to plan progressive options, similar to pay transparency, to sort out a cussed drawback”.
- Girls are concentrated in lower-paid, lower-skill work.
- For each greenback males earn, ladies earn 77 cents.
- Girls are under-represented in decision-making roles.
- Girls perform no less than 2.5 occasions extra unpaid work than males.
- On the present price, it should take 257 years to shut the worldwide gender pay hole.